Casuarina is a genus of 17 tree species in the family Casuarinaceae, native to Australia, the Indian subcontinent, southeast Asia, islands of the western Pacific Ocean, and eastern Africa. It was once treated as the sole genus in the family, but has since been split into four genera (see: Casuarinaceae ).
casuarina. Taxonomic Tree. Domain: Eukaryota. Kingdom: Plantae. Phylum: Spermatophyta. Subphylum: Angiospermae. Class: Dicotyledonae. Summary of Invasiveness. C. equisetifolia is a fast growing species with prolific seeding ability which is able to take advantage of disturbed sites for colonization.
Casuarina is the most important actinorhizal genus of the tropics and subtropics (Karthikeyan et al., 2013). They are woody, angiosperm evergreen trees with dropping equisetoid twigs. Leaves are scale-like connate, branchlets are needle-like cladode, and bark is brown, rough, fibrous, and exfoliating in longitudinal strips.
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The genus Casuarina comprises 11 tree species, including 4 species with two subspecies each (Boland et al., 1996), although narrower species circumscriptions recognize up to 17 species. It is mostly endemic to Australia, but with representatives in South-East Asia and the Pacific Islands.
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Casuarina is an evergreen plant. It grows in the form of shrub or small tree that can reach 65 to 115 feet in height. Casuarina has scaly leaves designed to prevent loss of water via transpiration (adaptation to the harsh environmental conditions in Australia). What look like leaves are actually branchlets, grayish-green photosynthetic branches.
Casuarina glauca 'Cousin It' (Prostrate Swamp Oak) – An interesting and attractive low growing evergreen shrub that lies nearly flat to the ground and spreads 6 to 8 feet wide or more with tiny needle-like blue-green foliage (technically segmented branchlets called cladodes) that cover the grey-brown horizontal stems, hugging the ground to mold over rocks and cascade over walls or other ...
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